VIKAS SINGH CHAUHAN

Thursday, 20 December 2012

MUDCHAURA




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                                                           ---  MUDCHAURA---
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FER FIRHAU DESH  SAKO HINDUVAN KO
MAKO NAHE MITHYA SAKHO MAN CHAUHAN KO
                                                                                -- RAJA BHAGVANT RAY KHICHI


mudchaura raja bhagvant ray khichi smarak

 vikas singh chauhan at mudchaura raja bhagvant ray khichi smarak

 vikas singh chauhan at mudchaura raja bhagvant ray khichi smarak

MUDCHAURA VARTMAN ME PHATEHPUR DISTIC KE GAGIPUR TAHSHIL SE 10 K.M DUR 
HATHGAVA GAV ME HAI JO KEE ASOTHAR KE RAJ BHAGAVAN RAY KHICHI KE VIRTA 
AUR PARAKRAM KE LIYE JANA JATA HAI.MUDCHAURA ME RAJA BHAGAVANT RAY KHICHI
JI KA SAHID STHID STAL BAHUT HEE PRAKRIT RUP ME BANA HUVA HAI,VAHA KA DRASH
BAHUT HEE RAMNEEY HAI AAJ BHEE VA HA PAR 1700 SATABDI KE BAVLEE BANEE HUVEE 
HAI AUR VAHA KE LOGO KEE MUDCHAURA KE PRATI BAHUT HEE SRADHYA HAI ,VAHA KE
DIXIT FAMILY(BRAHMAN)JI KA KAHNA HAI KEE AAJ BHEE VAHA RAT KE SAMAY TALVARO 
KE BAJNE AUR GHODE ME SAVAR HOKAR JANAE KE KEE AVAJ SUNAYE DETI HAI,AUR KAHA 
JATA HAI KEEE VARTMAN ME US BAULEE KA PANI(JAL) SUKHE KE BIMARI KE LIYE BAHUT 
HEE LABHDAYAK HAI,RAJA BHAGAVANT RAY KE SAMAY PAR MUSLIM SASHKO KA HINDUSTAN 
ME BAHT HEE JAYADA ATANK THA,JABRJASTI KOGO KO ISLAM DHARM APNANA PADTA THA 
ISLAM NA KABUL HONE PAR UNHE UNKE PARIVAR VALO KE SATH MAUT KE GHAT UTAR DIYA 
JATA HATA.AAJ BHEE ASOTHAR KE RAJA APNE ARKI CHAUHAN PARIVAR KE BAHUT HEE
SUBHCHINTAK HAI AUR DONO KE ACHE PARIVARIK SAMBANDH HAI. NOVEMBAR 2008 ME 
Dr.MAHENDRA PRATAP SINGH CHAUHAN NE MUDCHAURA KA JIRNOUDHAR CAPTAN SUGHAR SINGH CHAUHAN JI KE SAHYOG SE KARAYA HAI. ARKI-CHITRAKOOT U.P-INDIA SE HAI.






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          EXPENSION OF THE VICEROYALTY OF OUDH 47
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3.—THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST BHAGWANT SINGH UDARD,
NOVEMBER 1725.
In the beginning of 1732 A. D. when Sarbuland Khan
was governor of Allahabad, Bhagwant Singh, son of Udaru,
a Khichi Rajput and a petty zemindar of Ghazipur and
Asothar* in the sarkar of Kora Jahanabad in the Allahabad
suha, now in the modern district of Fatehpur in the United
Provinces, rebelled against the local Faujdar, Jan-nisar Khan.
Confident of the support of his brother-in law, Wazir
Qamruddin Khan who had married his sister, Jan-nisar
Khanf neglected his duties and tyrannis d over the people.
The cultivators and zemindars alike had grown sick of his
executions and tyranny. He picked a quarrel with
Bhagwant Singh on some religious matter [mamilat-i'dimoi).
The Khichi chief broke out into open rebellion and gave
much trouble to the Faujdar. In the month of March,
1732, Jan-nisar Khan, therefore, left Kora to chastise the
rebel and marched in the direction of Ghazipur. One day,
when the Faujdar's camp was at a distance of four miles
from his, Bhagwant Singh, who was a man of considerable
personal prowess and courage, suddenly appeared before
Jan-nisar Khan's tent, with his troops and his drums beating
aloud, at the time of asar prayer (about 4 p. m) The Khan,
who was drunk and asleep was awakened by the sound of
Bhagwant Singh's drums He mounted his elephant and
directed, in vain, his miserable and discontented troops to
get ready for the battle. Bhagwant Singh pounced upon
•Ghazipur is 8 miles north of the Jamuna and 9 miles south-Wist
 of Fatehpur ami Asothar is 3 miles north of the river and 11
 miles south-east of Ghazipur sheet 63 c. The Marathi letters 
sometimes call him Bhagvvat Singh, sometimes Bhagat Singh and 
sometimes even Jaswant Singh.
† Klliot, Vol VIII p. 341 has that ''Jan-nisar Khan had married 
the
sister of Qamruddin Khan, the minister.. " It is evidently a 
wrong
translation of the translation of Xhe
translation of the Siyar, vol. I 269. also gives wrong translation 
and cal's Jan-nisar Qamruddin Khan's brother. Neville, Distt. Gazetteer
 of Fatehpur (1906), p. 156, copies Mustafa's mistake. Neville's view 
that Kora Jahana-bad was then in Qudh is also erroneous. U was in the 
Allahabad suba.
48
FIRST TWO KINGS OF OUDH
Jan-nisar Khan and made short work of him and his few faithful followers
 vvho had gathered round his person. The victor obtained possession of 
the Khan's camp and baggage and brought a considerable portion of the 
disetrict of Kora Jahanabad under his authority.*
When the news of this disaster reached Delhi, Wazir Qamruddin Khan sent
 his nephew Azimullah Khan with a strong force to punish Bhagwant Singh 
and rescue the family of Jan-nisar Khan. On Azim-ullah's near approach, 
the clever Rajput left his home and took refuge in the jungle. Azim-ullah
 Khan obtained possession of Kora and returned to Delhi only after some days
' stay, leaving the district in the charge of Khawajim Beg Khan. Hardly 
had his back turned when Bhagwant Singh issued out of his hiding, killed
 Khawajim Beg Khan and turned his men out of the district.f
Urged by his wife, Qamruddin Khan, wedded to wine and women, at last crossed 
into the Doab at the head of 40,000 horse and 30,000 musketeers, in 
June. 1733 and besieged Bhagwant Singh in his fort of Ghazipur. His 
troops being tired of a long journey, the wazir only posted his army 
on three sides of the fort and postponed attack to the next day. But 
the bird flew away before day-break by a clever ruse. To lull his enemy's
 suspicion Bhagwant Singh kept on firing on the Mughals and when it was 
midnight he escaped from the side ot the fort which was left unguarded, 
crossed the Jarana, running 8 miles south of Ghazipur, before day.break 
and took refuge in the country of Chhatrasal Bundela's sons. Qamruddin Khan
 occupied the fort and ordered the construction of a bridge to cross
* Warid, 221b-222a. Other historians like, Hadia p. G8T; Shakir, p, 22; 
Siyar II 467 give a very brief account. Hadia p. 680 says that into 
Bhagwant's hands fell the ladies of Jan-nisar Khan's harem. One of them
 became his son, Hup Singh's mistress. Muntkhn-lud-Tawarihh, Elliot. VIII
 341 n. says that she was the Faujdar's daughter and that she committed 
suicide to save her honour.
† Shakir; 22. Siyar II. 468.
EXPANSION OF THE VICEROYALTY OF OUDH 49

the river in pursuit of the rebel.* But, before he could do so, he had to
 hurry back to Delhi to thwart a plot formed by Khan Dauran, Sarbuland Khan
 and Saadat Khan to deprive him of his office. This was Bhagwant Singh's 
opportunity. He entered into an alliance with the Marathas at Banda and, 
with their help, drove out the wazir's men and became bolder than ever. A 
petty zemindar as he was, he could not be reduced by all the armed strength 
of the Empire.f
The agressions of Bhagwant Singh remained unpunished till the Emperor formally
 appointed Saadat Khan Burhan-ul-mulk Paujdar of Kora Jahanabad in addition to 
his former office of Governor of Oudh towards the end of 1735 A. D. Saadat Khan 
received, on his journey to Delhi, under the imperial summons, a letter from 
Qamr-ud-din Khan, requesting him to chastise Bhagwant Singh and probably also
 a farman from Muhammad Shah appointing him to the government of Kora Jahanabad.
 He immediately retraced his steps, turned to his left, crossed the Ganges and 
by forced marches reached Kora on the 6th of November, 1735. Bhagwant Singh, 
whose spies brought him the timely news of the Nawab's arrival, sallied out of
 Ghazipur with his force numbering ten to twelve thousand men,‡ and suddenly 
came upon Burhan-ul-Mulk near Kora. Saadat Khan, who had hardly recovered from 
the fatigue of the day's march, hastily arrayed his huge army of 40,000 troops 
besides a large park of artillery and directed his gunners to open fire on the 
advancing enemy. Seeing the loss of a considerable number of his men, Bhagwant 
Singh, avoiding the deadly
* Warid 222b; Harda 680; Elliot, VIII. 342; Selections from the Peshwa Daftar,
 Vol. 14. Letter No. 9.
†lbid.
‡ Selections from the Peshwa Daftar, Vol. 14, Letters No. 40, 41 and 42. Pustam Ali,
 Elliot VII, p, 52, gives the No, as 25,000, which is ' incorrect.
50
FIRST TWO KINGS OP OUDH
fire, delivered such a fierce charge on Abu Turab Khan's* division, who was leading 
the Nawab's van, that his ranks were throughly shattered. Immediately galloping his
 horse to Abu Turab's elephant, the brave Rajput gave such a violent spear thrust in 
the breast of his adversary that it pierced through his back and lodged itself into 
the board of the howdah. Abu Turab Khan fell instantly lifeless on his elephant. 
Bhagwant Singh now proceeded against Saadat Khan's elephant, whereupon Mir Khudayar 
Khan,
 who was posted by the side of the Nawab with six thousand horse and one thousand 
musketeers,
 turned to face the enemy. Pushing on with great vigour, Bhagwant attacked Khudayar 
Khan's division and put him to flight. Then he turned to Saadat Khan. But, at this
 stage of the battle, Sheikh Ruhul Amin Khan Bilgrami, the uncle of the historian 
Murtaza Husain Khan, Shaikh Abdulla Khan of Ghazipur and Durjan Singh, Chaudhri of
 Kora from Saadat Khan's right and Aztmit Ullah Khan from his left surrounded him 
from all sides and began shooting arrows at him. Bhagwant Singh faced the odds 
unflinchingly and slew soveral of his assailants; but he was also shot dead by 
Durjan Singh who, according to the author of the Siyar, was a relation of his but 
had joined his enemy.f The battle cost the parties the lives of 5,000 men. Besides 
being himself wounded, Saadat Khan lost sixteen of his brave and trusted officers 
and a host of his troops. The victorious Khan sent Bhagwant Singh's head and his 
skin stuffed with straw to Delhi, where Rustam Ali Khan, the author of the 
Tarikh-i-Hindi, saw them hanging in the market near the
* It is said that when Saadat Khan entered his tent after his journey, he had put 
on a green robe and had a long white beard. Bhagwant s spies marked this and so at 
the time of the battle he attacked Abu Turab Khan who had put on a green robe and 
had a long white beard like Saadat Khan. The latter had, however, changed the green 
dress for a white one. Siyar 1. 271.
† Siyar. 11.468. Mustafa, the translator adds without the warranty in the text that 
Durjan Singh had long been in Saadat Chan's service, Eng, T. I, 271.
EXPANSION OF THE VlCEROYALTY OF OUDH 51
police office. Saadat Khan appointed Shaikh AbduUa Ghazipuri his deputy in the sarkar 
of Kora Jahanabad and left hitn and his nephew and son-in-law, Abulmansur Khan, there,
 while he himself proceeded to Delhi and waited on the Emperor on 22ud November, 1735.*
Sometime after, Bhagwant Singh's son, Rup Singh, who had taken refuge in Bundelkhand, 
enlisted the support of the Maratha agent, Gobind Balhil, and meditated the recovery of
 his paternal estate with the help of the Deccanis. The Bundelu Rajns were also willing 
to help Rup Singh in his venture.† Abulmansur Khan, therefore, wrote to Saadat Khan 
Burhan-ul-Mulk, requesting his presence; accordingly the Khan started for Kora Jahanabad
 on the 18th of February, 17356. But the Marathas and the Rajas of Bundelkhand were not 
earnest in their promise to the fugitive son of Bhagwant, for we hoar nothing more about
 Kora in the pages of the Muslim historians nor even in the Marathi letters. The district
 must have quietly submitted to Saadat Khan Burhan ul mulk's rule.‡
* Hadia. 680; Saadat-i-Jawed in Elliot, Vlll. 342; Rustam Ali in Elliot, Vlll fiiyar. 11 
4G8; Shakir. 22; Maadan IV 97a and h; Selections from the Peshwa Daftar, Vol H. Letters,
 No. 40, 41 and 42.
† Selections from the Peshwa Daftar, Vol. 15, Letter No, 10.
‡ siyar. 11. 468




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Sambhu Nath Misra (fl. 1749) attended the court of Bhagwant Ray Khichi, 
Raja, of Asothar. He wrote
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Burhan al-Mulk


Saadat Ali Khan I (Burhan al-Mulk)
Mir Muhammad Amin ibn Shaykh Muhammad Nasir Burhan al-Mulk al-Musawi 
(Nishapur finals del segle XVII-Delhi 21 de març de 1739), fou el 
fundador de la dinastia de nawwab-wazirs d'Awadh a l'Índia (1724-1754).
Va anar a l'Índia en data desconeguda però el 1711 ja estava al servei
 de Sarbuland Khan comandant dels Kara-Manikpur. Quan va pujar al tron 
de Delhi Farrukhsiyar (1713-1719) va arribar a funcionari d'impostos 
(naib karori). El 1719 va poder sotmetre als zamindars rajputs i jats i
 fou nomenat comandant de Hindawn Biyana. Va participar en el complot 
contra l' amir al-umara Husayn Ali Khan Barha, i quan va triomfar va 
obtenir (1720) el títol de Saadat Khan Bahadur amb grau de 5000 i el 
comandant de 3000 cavallers. El mateix any fou nomenat governador d'
Akbarabad (Agra) i al cap d'un mes (novembre de 1720) va rebre el títol
 de Bahadur Djang i les insígnies de mahi maratib. El 1722 fou nomenat 
governador d'Awadh i va sotmetre als shaykhzades de Lucknow; va 
reorganitzar la província i va incrementar la recaptació i l'emperador
 Muhammad Shah el va recompensar amb el títol pel que fou conegut,
 Burhan al-Mulk.
Va establir el seu control sobre tot l'Awadh, aleshores un territori en 
conflicte, i va castigar als senyor feudals rebels de Benares i Djawnpur. 
El 1735 va rebre el districte de Korah-Djahanabad, 
on el senyor local Bhagwant Ray, que causava problemes,
 va resultar mort en un xoc contra les forces de Burhan. Després
 va anar a Delhi per servir de prop a l'emperador Muhammad. El 1737 
va atacar als marathes que havien ocupat part del Doab, els va derrotar i 
els va expulsar amb fortes pèrdues; en revenja els marathes van tacar Delhi.
El 1739 Nadir Shah de Pèrsia va envair l'Índia. Burhan va sortir d'Awadh amb
 30000 homes i fou atacat abans d'arribar al campament imperial de Karnal,
 però encara que va perdre part del bagatge, va atacar als perses i, reconegut
 per un oficial persa nadiu de Nishapur, fou capturat i portat al campament de
 Nadir. En les negacions de pau després de la victòria de Nadir Shah, es va 
acordar una indemnització de cinc milions de rupies entre Nadir i Nizam al-Mulk
 Asaf Djah, representant de l'emperador, i llavors Burhan va suggerir a Nadir, 
per motius desconeguts, d'augmentar aquesta indemnització.
Deixat en llibertat va poder tornar a Delhi on va morir al cap de poc 
(21 de març de 1739); la causa de la mort ha donat lloc a especulacions: 
suïcidi o una ferida mal curada.


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THE MUGHAL COURT & HINDI LITERATURE 49
BodhaFlrozabadl (fl. circ. 1773-1803) was connected
with Panna. He was the author of the Ishqnama and
some detached verses which are much admired. He
was a poet of love, and his verses were written mostly
in praise of a courtesan named Subhan.
Jan Gopdl (fl. 1776) was the author of the
Samarsdr, a work which is said to be full of poetic
feeling.
Devkl Nandan (fl. 1784-1800) wrote the Sringdr
Charitry which is a Nayak-Nayika Bhed> and other
much-praised works connected with the art of poetry.
Than Ram, or Than (fl. 1791), a Bhat, was the
author of a work on poetics called Dalel Prakas.
Benl (fl. 1792-1817) wrote works on poetics, rheto-
ric, etc. His best verses are said to be verses of satire.
Bhaun (fl. 1794), a Bhat, who was skilled in all the
graces of poetry, wrote in Braj Bhasha works connected
with the poetic art.
Bhikdrl Das (fl. 1734-1750) was a Kayasth of
Pratapgarh, in Bundelkhand. He is more generally
known by the name of Das. His patron was Hindupati,
brother of Raja Prithvlpati. He ^borrowed phrases
from other poets, especially from Sripati, but is con-
sidered nevertheless to be an excellent poet. Besides
many works connected with the art of poetry he also
translated the Vishnu Pur ana into Hindi verse.
Guman Mttra (fl. 1744) attended the court of
Akbar Ali Khan. He translated the Naishadha of ?ri
Harsha and wrote several works on poetics.
Raghu Nath (fl. 1745), of Benares, was the father
of Gokul Nath, who is celebrated as the translator of
the Mahabharata into Hindi. Raghu Nath was a
writer on the art of poetry, his works being much
admired. They include a commentary on the Sat Sal
of Bihari Lai.
Kumar Mani Bhatt (fl. 1746) was a very skilled
poet, who wrote a good work on poetics called Rasik
RasdL
Sambhu Nath MUra? (fl. 1749) attended the court of
Bhagwant Ray Khichi, Raja of Asothar. He wrote
4


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60      A HISTORY OF HINDI LITERATURE
Ishwarl Prasdd Tripdthl (fl. 1673) wrote the Ram
Bilas Rdmdyan, which is a translation of Valmiki's
poem.
Bdl All (fl. circ. 1692) was the author of two works
both in praise of Rama and SIta and entitled NehprakaS
and Slid Rant Dhydnmahjari, Jdnk Rasikl Saran (fl.
1703) wrote the Avadh Sdgar, which is a poem in
honour of Rama. Bhagwant Ray (fl. 1750) was the
ruler of Asothar, in the district of Fatehpur, and for
several years resisted the attacks of the Mughal
Emperor, till he was killed by treachery in 1760.
He was the author of a Rdmdyan. Another work
dealing with the story of Rama was the Ram Bilas
of $ambhu Nath (fl. 1750). Tutsi Sahib (1763-1843)
was the eldest son of the Raja of Poona, but was un-
willing to succeed to the throne. He therefore left his
kingdom and renounced the world, and becoming a
wandering ascetic finally settled in Hathras. Besides
many hymns, he wrote a work called the Ghat-
Rdmdyan. He claimed that in a previous birth he
was none other than the great Tulsl Das himself, and
had in that birth composed the Ghat-Rdmdyan, but as it
aroused a great deal of opposition it was not published
to the world but the Rdm-charit-mdnas was substituted
in its place. His work differs in style and language,
as well as in subject matter, from that of his more-
renowned namesake, and is decidedly inferior in
character.
Madhu Sudan Das (fl. circ. 1782), who was a
poet of considerable merit, was the author of the
Rdmasvamedh, in which he describes the horse-sacrifice
made by Rama. Like Tulsl Das he was a devotee of
Rama, and his poetry resembles that of the great
master.
Maniytlr Singh, also called Y&r (fl. circ. 1785),
was another devotee of Rama who was a skilful poet.
He was a Kshatriya, of Benares. His works include
the Saundarya Laharl> the Sundark&nd^ and the
HanumQn Chhabblsi^ all of whicji deal with some of
the legends regarding Rama and Hanuman.

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Sambhu Nath Misra (fl. 1749) attended the court of 
Bhagwant Ray Khichi, Raja of Asothar. He wrote several 
much-admired works on poetics and was the preceptor of 
&iv Arsela and other poets.

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JUDGEMT BY-Er.vikas singh chauhan

1 comment:

  1. Jay Mata di..
    Mr. Vikas Singh Chauhan Ji...

    I searching of Asothar Raj History... Can you send me Asothar Raj history?

    badalsinhgohil@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete